What is Landscape Gardening? 6 Things You Should Know

In the realm of home improvement and aesthetics, landscape gardening holds a pivotal role. But what exactly is landscape gardening? Simply put, it is the art and practice of designing, planning, and creating gardens to enhance the beauty and functionality of an outdoor space.

It goes beyond just planting flowers; it encompasses a holistic approach to garden design, considering various elements such as the local climate, soil conditions, and the existing ecology of the area. Whether you are a homeowner looking to transform your garden or someone curious about gardening, this guide will walk you through the essential things you should know about this type of gardening.

What is Landscape Gardening

Understanding Landscape Gardening

The Goal of Landscape Gardening

Landscape gardening is not just about aesthetics; it is about creating a harmonious space that resonates with the owner’s preferences while being in tune with the natural surroundings. The goal is to craft visually appealing gardens that are also functional, considering vital factors such as the local climate, soil conditions, and the existing vegetation in the area. It is a delicate balance between beauty and functionality, where a landscape gardener brings to life a garden that is both pleasing to the eye and soul.

The Comprehensive Approach

When we delve deeper into the question, “what is landscape gardening?” we find that it is a comprehensive approach that combines elements of horticulture, construction, and more. It is about completely transforming a garden into a space that reflects beauty, tranquillity, and harmony.

This gardening goes beyond just planting flowers; it is about building structures, creating pathways, and even separating gardens into different levels to add depth and character to the space. It is a method that requires a landscape gardener to have a diverse skill set, including knowledge in carpentry and brickwork, to bring the envisioned garden to life.

In essence, understanding landscape gardening is about appreciating the multifaceted approach it entails, where various elements work in harmony to create a garden that is more than the sum of its parts. It is a field where creativity meets expertise to craft outdoor spaces that are not only beautiful but also functional and sustainable.

Key Aspects of Landscape Gardening

Landscape gardening is a rich and diverse field, with several key aspects that are central to the practice. Here, we delve into the critical components that landscape gardeners focus on to create stunning and functional gardens.

Site Analysis

Before becoming a landscape gardener and starting your new project, a thorough site analysis is imperative. It involves understanding the unique characteristics of the site, including soil quality, drainage, sunlight exposure, and existing vegetation. This step is crucial in the gardening industry, as it lays the foundation for a successful garden transformation. Learn more about the importance of site analysis in the gardening industry.


The design phase is where the magic begins to take shape. Here, landscape gardeners create a comprehensive plan for the outdoor space, crafting designs for pathways, seating areas, and other features that will enhance the garden’s beauty and functionality such as levelling the garden. It is a collaborative process where the gardener works closely with the client to ensure the design meets their vision and preferences.

Plant Selection

Choosing the right plants is a vital aspect of landscape gardening. It involves considering various factors such as the climate, soil type, and the aesthetic the client wishes to achieve. Landscape gardeners bring their expertise to the table, helping clients choose plants that not only look good but also thrive in their garden’s specific conditions.

Hard and Soft Landscaping

Understanding the dichotomy between hard and soft landscaping is essential in this type of gardening. These two aspects work hand in hand to create gardens that are both beautiful and functional.

Hard Landscaping

Hard landscaping refers to the construction and installation of non-living features in a garden, utilizing materials such as wood and stone. This aspect involves creating structures like pathways, buildings, and pergolas, which often require specific machinery and qualifications in fields such as joinery and construction. Hard landscaping lays the groundwork, setting the stage for the living elements of the garden.

Difference between hard and soft landscape gardening

Soft Landscaping

On the other hand, soft landscaping is all about the living elements of a garden. It focuses on the incorporation of flowers, plants, and grass to bring life and color to the space. Soft landscaping adds the delightful finishing touches to a project, making each garden unique and vibrant. It requires a good knowledge of plants and nature to choose the perfect elements that will bring the garden to life, creating a space that is not only beautiful but also harmonious with the local ecology.

The Roles and Services Offered by Landscape Gardeners

Landscape gardeners play a pivotal role in transforming a piece of land into a perfect outdoor space. They offer a plethora of services that go beyond just maintaining gardens. Let’s delve into the various roles and services that these professionals offer.

Building and Installing Features

Landscape gardeners are adept at building and installing a range of features to enhance gardens. From creating flower beds to setting up pergolas, they bring a wealth of ideas to the table. They work closely with garden centres to source the best materials and plants for your garden. The elements involved in this process are numerous, including the installation of water features that add a serene atmosphere to the space.


Maintaining a garden is a continuous process, and landscape gardeners are well-versed in the tasks involved. From pruning trees to taking care of lawns, they ensure that every corner of your garden remains vibrant and healthy. They offer advice on how to maintain various types of plants and features, ensuring the longevity of your garden.

Current Trends in Garden Landscaping

The world of garden landscaping is ever-evolving, with new trends constantly emerging. Landscape gardeners are always on the lookout for innovative ideas to create the perfect outdoor space. Here are some of the current trends that are making waves in the industry.

Outside Offices and Garden Rooms

The pandemic has spurred a significant shift in work dynamics, leading to a surge in the popularity of outside offices and garden rooms. These spaces offer a tranquil environment to work, blending natural materials with modern design to create a harmonious workspace in your garden.

Innovative Features

From misshaped lawns to wild planting, the trends in garden landscaping are leaning towards more natural and eco-friendly options. Water features continue to be a popular choice, adding a calming element to gardens. Moreover, the use of natural materials is being favored, with landscapers opting for wood and stone to create sustainable and environmentally friendly gardens.

Sustainable Gardening

Sustainability is at the forefront of current trends, with a focus on creating gardens that are not only beautiful but also kind to the environment. This involves choosing plants that are native to the area, promoting biodiversity, and opting for eco-friendly materials and practices.

Sustainable Landscape Gardening

In recent years, the focus on sustainability has permeated various forms of business, including landscape gardening. This approach is about creating gardens that are not only aesthetically pleasing but also environmentally friendly and sustainable in the long run. Let’s delve into the different areas that this encompasses.

Utilizing Natural Resources

Sustainable landscape gardening involves making the most of natural resources available on the ground. For example, using rainwater to irrigate the lawn or creating ponds that encourage local wildlife to visit your garden. It’s about harmonizing with the natural environment to create a space that is both beautiful and sustainable.

Designing with Future Growth in Mind

A sustainable garden is designed with the future growth of plants and shrubs in mind. This means considering how the garden will evolve over time, anticipating changes in plant growth, and planning the garden layout accordingly. It involves choosing plants that will thrive in the specific conditions of your garden, ensuring a lush and vibrant garden in the long run.


As we have laid out in the above two sections, landscape gardening is a multifaceted field that goes beyond just planting flowers. It encompasses a wide range of services and expertise, from creating patios and other hardscaping elements to nurturing lawns and gardens into lush, vibrant spaces.

Whether it is transforming public spaces like parks into green havens or helping homeowners realize the garden of their dreams, landscape gardening is about bringing visions to reality. It is a field where creativity meets expertise, crafting outdoor spaces that are not only beautiful but also functional and sustainable.

As you venture into the world of landscape gardening, remember that it is a journey that involves careful planning and consideration of various factors, including environmental sustainability and future growth. It is a worthwhile investment, not just in terms of aesthetics but also in enhancing the quality of life and reducing environmental costs.

So, whether you are looking to revamp your garden or planning a new landscaping project, remember that landscape gardening offers a holistic approach to creating outdoor spaces that are a joy to behold and experience. It is a field rich with possibilities, offering a pathway to transform any piece of land into a green paradise.